Governments are routinely overthrown for control of their natural resources. United Fruit and BP are among those who have had governments toppled for their bottom line.
The first Congressional hearing on the equal rights amendment ERA was held in Many female reformers opposed the amendment in fear that it would end protective labor and health legislation designed to aid female workers and poverty-stricken mothers.
Strong grassroots opposition emerged in the southern and western sections of the country, led by anti-feminist activist Phyllis Schafly. In the following document submitted in to a House committee considering a new bill to enact the ERA, a male rights advocate assessed potential legal benefits men might receive due to its passage.
This discussion deals with the legal benefits that men will obtain and with the mutual benefits that both men and women will gain in a society without discriminatory practices. Legal Benefits for Men—Family Law In recent years, there has been a movement towards gender-neutral laws in the divorce-related areas of child custody, alimony, and child support.
In family law dealing with unwed fathers and paternity suits, there has been no movement towards gender-neutral laws. The addition of the ERA to our Constitution will guarantee that men will be equal with women in all areas of family law.
Thus, we can expect the Supreme Court to be called upon by fathers who feel that their rights are being ignored by our family courts. A vague legal standard applied by judges whose thinking may be affected by outmoded sex-role stereotypes can lead to discriminatory awards that benefit neither parents nor children.
The ERA will provide rights to unwed fathers who want to support their children both financially and emotionally. Currently, most states only care about financial support. The ERA will allow these fathers to sue for joint custody, sole custody, or visitation rights, and it will guarantee a decision that is not clouded by obsolete sex-role stereotypes.
It is an unfortunate fact that persons involved in a unintended pregnancy are not always ready to accept the weighty responsibilities of parenthood.
The ERA will extend this decision and make it illegal for a state to impose fatherhood. Our current laws governing unwed parents and unintended pregnancies are far from gender-neutral. These laws permit women the options of abortion or adoption, but they subject men to various procedures to attempt to establish paternity.
A court decision, which extends the constitutional reasoning in Roe and applies it to men, would most likely permit the establishment of reasonable requirements on the procedure by which a man formally decides to accept or reject fatherhood.
One reasonable requirement is to insist that an unwed father state his desire concerning fatherhood within a suitable time after he has learned of his situation. This cloudy relationship may last for many years; in Quilloin 38 S.
The ambiguity in the relationship between an unwed father and his child is in need of clarification. Children born out of wedlock need parents that want to accept the responsibilities of parenthood—forcing either sex to be a parent is not in the best interests of the child.
Throughout the history of our nation, only men have had to bear the weighty responsibility of compulsory military service. There can be no doubt that the ERA will require women to share this responsibility with men.
It is of historical interest that the ancient Greek philosopher Plato discussed the role of women in the military The Republic, Book V. He argued that both sexes should be trained to fight and should be responsible for the defense of their homeland.
Most automobile and life insurance policies require men of a given age to pay higher premiums than women of the same age. Conversely, most annuities from life insurance policies provide women with lower yearly benefits than men.
The ERA will prohibit such sex discrimination. The insurance companies will have to base their premium and annuity schedules on factors other than sex. The ERA will strengthen this decision by opening the doors of all schools, public and private, to both sexes.
The ERA will also open the curricula of some of our schools. Often the benefits to one sex will flow back and benefit the other sex.
The ERA will mandate that women be paid equally with men for comparable work. When women are paid fairly, the men married to these women will also benefit.
These men will no longer bear the heavy responsibility of primary breadwinner. It will be much easier than it is at present for these men to take time to raise their children or to consider career changes.
The ERA will demand that men be treated equally with women in the area of childrearing leaves.
Women married to men taking childrearing leaves will have more time to devote to their careers.St. Augustine FL, Movement — Photos. Saint Augustine is a small town of 15, on Florida's Atlantic coast, just south of Jacksonville and not far from the Georgia border.
Study 95 Chapter 5 Civil Rights flashcards from Katherine F. on StudyBlue. the women's rights movment was often linked with the abolitionist movement during the nineteenth century. the equal rights amendment failed because it did not secure support from the required number of states necessary for ratification.
Mar 01, · The U.S. government once asked women what they wanted. It was , and the eyes of the nation turned to Houston as an estimated 20, people — Gloria Steinem and Coretta Scott King, Democrats.
The struggle for women to gain acceptance, recognition and equal rights in society has been a long process. In recognition of the contributions of American women, ALIC presents a listing of web sites relevant to women in the United States. Jan 27, · The text of the 14th Amendment hasn’t changed, but contra Justice Scalia, it has been interpreted to extend equal rights to women.
In the same way, an Equal Rights Amendment could grow to protect LGBT individuals. The woman's rights movement split in into two groups: the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA), led by Lucy Stone, which backed the 15th Amendment giving black males the vote; and the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA), led by "irreconcilables" Susan B.
Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, which opposed the 15th Amendment because it did not also grant women the vote.