Born in into a wealthy family, Mao had a Confucian upbringing, while receiving new, western style schooling in high school. After a brief stint in the revolutionary army from toMao enrolled at Peking University, where he was first introduced to the doctrines of Marxism-Leninism. Mao adopted the ideas of communism into the Chinese Communist Party in However, after economic output and welfare conditions plummeted after the implementation of the Great Leap Forward, Mao put a de facto cap on the rising criticism of his ideals by reassigning writers and intellectuals to distant rural communes.
Growing up in rural Hunan, Mao described his father as a stern disciplinarian, who would beat him and his three siblings, the boys Zemin and Zetanas well as an adopted girl, Zejian. Mao refused to recognise her as his wife, becoming a fierce critic of arranged marriage and temporarily moving away.
Luo was locally disgraced and died in He disapproved of their actions as morally wrong, but claimed sympathy for their situation. The northern provinces remained loyal to the emperor, and hoping to avoid a civil war, Sun—proclaimed "provisional president" by his supporters—compromised with the monarchist general Yuan Shikai.
The monarchy would be abolished, creating the Republic of Chinabut the monarchist Yuan would become president. The revolution over, Mao resigned from the army inafter six months as a soldier. Although a Chinese nationalistChen argued that China must look to the west to cleanse itself of superstition and autocracy.
He organized the Association for Student Self-Government and led protests against school rules. Desiring personal and societal transformation, the Society gained 70—80 members, many of whom would later join the Communist Party. She died in Octoberwith her husband dying in January Zhang banned the Student Association, but Mao continued publishing after assuming editorship of the liberal magazine New Hunan Xin Hunan and offered articles in popular local newspaper Justice Ta Kung Po.
Several of these advocated feminist views, calling for the liberation of women in Chinese society; Mao was influenced by his forced arranged-marriage. Tan was plotting to overthrow Zhang, and Mao aided him by organizing the Changsha students. In JuneTan led his troops into Changsha, and Zhang fled.
In the subsequent reorganization of the provincial administration, Mao was appointed headmaster of the junior section of the First Normal School.
Now receiving a large income, he married Yang Kaihui in the winter of Mao set up a Changsha branch, also establishing a branch of the Socialist Youth Corps.
Opening a bookstore under the control of his new Cultural Book Society, its purpose was to propagate revolutionary literature throughout Hunan. When the movement was successful in establishing provincial autonomy under a new warlord, Mao forgot his involvement.
The first session of the National Congress of the Communist Party of China was attended by 13 delegates, Mao included. After the authorities sent a police spy to the congress, the delegates moved to a boat on South Lake near Jiaxingin Zhejiang, to escape detection.
The successful and famous Anyuan coal mines strikes contrary to later Party historians depended on both "proletarian" and "bourgeois" strategies. Liu Shaoqi and Li Lisan and Mao not only mobilised the miners, but formed schools and cooperatives and engaged local intellectuals, gentry, military officers, merchants, Red Gang dragon heads and even church clergy.
Communist Party members joined the KMT, hoping to push its politics leftward. Mao was a vocal anti-imperialist and in his writings he lambasted the governments of Japan, UK and US, describing the latter as "the most murderous of hangmen".
Supporting this position, Mao was elected to the Party Committee, taking up residence in Shanghai. He found that the peasantry were increasingly restless and some had seized land from wealthy landowners to found communes. This convinced him of the revolutionary potential of the peasantry, an idea advocated by the KMT leftists but not the Communists.
Such uprisings angered senior KMT figures, who were themselves landowners, emphasizing the growing class and ideological divide within the revolutionary movement. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another.
There, Mao played an active role in the discussions regarding the peasant issue, defending a set of "Regulations for the Repression of Local Bullies and Bad Gentry", which advocated the death penalty or life imprisonment for anyone found guilty of counter-revolutionary activity, arguing that in a revolutionary situation, "peaceful methods cannot suffice".
Mao led another group to put together a "Draft Resolution on the Land Question", which called for the confiscation of land belonging to "local bullies and bad gentry, corrupt officials, militarists and all counter-revolutionary elements in the villages".
He accepted that there was great variation in revolutionary enthusiasm across the country, and that a flexible policy of land redistribution was necessary. Ultimately, his suggestions were only partially implemented.Mao Tse-Tung is undeniably one of China’s most prominent historical figures.
Born in into a wealthy family, Mao had a Confucian upbringing, while receiving new, western style schooling in high school. You searched for: chairman mao! Etsy is the home to thousands of handmade, vintage, and one-of-a-kind products and gifts related to your search.
No matter what you’re looking for or where you are in the world, our global marketplace of sellers can help you find unique and affordable options. Let’s get started! Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung consists of quotations, organized thematically into 33 chapters.
It is also called "Thoughts of Chairman Mao" by many Chinese people. The quotations range in length from a . Mao Zedong was a Marxist theorist, revolutionary, and, from to , the first chairman of the People’s Republic of China. Mao was one of the most influential and controversial political figures of the 20th century, in China and abroad.
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Related Documents: Essay on Revolution: Chairman Mao Zedong Essay on Drama: Mao Zedong and Numerous Drama Troupes. invaders as numerous drama troupes took their performances to the streets and countryside. Because of its mass appeal and propaganda value, drama was made “to serve politics” as Mao Zedong called for in his Yan’an .