Background[ edit ] Resilience is generally thought of as a "positive adaptation" after a stressful or adverse situation.
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This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract In this paper, inspired by the plenary panel at the meeting of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, Dr. Steven Southwick chair and multidisciplinary panelists Drs. George Bonanno, Ann Masten, Catherine Panter-Brick, and Rachel Yehuda tackle some of the most pressing current questions in the field of resilience research including: These multidisciplinary experts Cu1404 resilience theorist insight into these difficult questions, and although each of the panelists had a slightly different definition of resilience, most of the proposed definitions included a concept of healthy, adaptive, or integrated positive functioning over the passage of time in the aftermath of adversity.
The panelists agreed that resilience is a complex construct and it may be defined differently in the context of individuals, families, organizations, societies, and cultures. With regard to the determinants of resilience, there was a consensus that the empirical study of this construct needs to be approached from a multiple level of analysis perspective that includes genetic, epigenetic, developmental, demographic, cultural, economic, and social variables.
The empirical study of determinates of resilience will inform efforts made at fostering resilience, with the recognition that resilience may be enhanced on numerous levels e.
Resilience, stress, trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder For decades, the fields of neuroscience, mental health, medicine, psychology, and sociology have been collectively focused on the short-term and long-term consequences of stress, and more recently, extreme stress.
Stress is a reality of our daily lives. At some point, most people will be exposed to one or more potentially life-threatening traumatic experiences that can influence mental health and result in conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD Karam et al.
Yet, just as there is concern about the deleterious effects of trauma exposure, there is also unprecedented interest in resilience. This paper summarizes key points that emerged as the topic of resilience was discussed from a comprehensive, interdisciplinary perspective during the opening plenary meeting of the 29th Annual International Society for Traumatic Stress, held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in November, The discussion was chaired by Steven Southwick, M.
Southwick posed a series of questions about resilience to each of the panelists. The evolving definitions of resilience Most of us think of resilience as the ability to bend but not break, bounce back, and perhaps even grow in the face of adverse life experiences.
Determinants of resilience include a host of biological, psychological, social and cultural factors that interact with one another to determine how one responds to stressful experiences.
In defining resilience, it is important to specify whether resilience is being viewed as a trait, a process, or an outcome, and it is often tempting to take a binary approach in considering whether resilience is present or absent.
An individual who adapts well to stress in a workplace or in an academic setting, may fail to adapt well in their personal life or in their relationships. Resilience may change over time as a function of development and one's interaction with the environment e.
For example, a high degree of maternal care and protection may be resilience-enhancing during infancy, but may interfere with individuation during adolescence or young adulthood.
Each of these contexts may be more or less resilient in their own right and. The more we can learn about resilience, the more potential there is for integrating salient concepts of resilience into relevant fields of medicine, mental health and science.
This integration is beginning to foster an important and much needed paradigm shift. Rather than spending the vast majority of their time and energy examining the negative consequences of trauma, clinicians and researchers can learn to simultaneously evaluate and teach methods to enhance resilience.
Such an approach moves the field away from a purely deficit-based model of mental health, toward the inclusion of strength and competence-based models that focus on prevention and building strengths in addition to addressing psychopathology.
In the following section, four scientists from different disciplines reflect on how their understanding and definition of resilience has evolved in the course of their research.
Resilience as a stable trajectory of healthy functioning In our research, we are interested in following people over time. We define resilience very simply as a stable trajectory of healthy functioning after a highly adverse event.
Over the course of time, often for a number of years, we map out the trajectories of people's responses to those events e. What we call a resilience trajectory is characterized by a relatively brief period of disequilibrium, but otherwise continued health Bonanno, ; Bonanno et al.
Southwick talked about a paradigm shift where we have begun to ask questions that really haven't been asked before, such as why are most people able to cope so well?How to Write a Business Proposal A business proposal is perhaps one of the most critical documents you need to learn how to write.
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The most recognised attachment theorist was a man called John Bowlby, a British Psychologist, Psychoanalyst and Psychiatrist famous for his work and heartoftexashop.com · For decades, the fields of neuroscience, mental health, medicine, psychology, and sociology have been collectively focused on the short-term and long-term consequences of stress, and more recently, extreme heartoftexashop.com://heartoftexashop.com · Resilience can be seen as a great opportunity to change perspectives and create positive, constructive strategies, that way strengthening family bonds, and heartoftexashop.com · Psychological resilience is the ability to successfully cope with a crisis and to return to pre-crisis status quickly.
Resilience exists when the person uses "mental processes and behaviors in promoting personal assets and protecting self from the potential negative effects of stressors".Background · History · Process · Biological models · Related factors · Buildingheartoftexashop.com