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There are common elements, but, this essay argues, there are also some very important differences. How could a mass murderer who publicly praised the terrorists of Sept.
Think of two circles, one that contains public diplomacy and the other propaganda. These two circles do intersect, but neither circle is within the other. Even beyond the organ of the Government set up to handle information about the United States and to explain our policies, what is important today is the interaction of groups, peoples, and cultures beyond national borders, influencing the way groups and peoples in other countries think about foreign affairs, react to our policies, and affect the policies of their respective governments.
To connote this activity, we at the Fletcher School tried to find a name. Interestingly, some compare propaganda to pornography: Harping on definitions can be intriguing, but it often leads to an intellectual dead-end.
So here, instead of trying to discover the essence of public diplomacy and propaganda, I want to examine their differences by focusing in a nutshell on what they do. And a way to make this distinction, I believe, is to examine public diplomacy at its best and propaganda at its worst.
So allow me to refine the circles I mentioned above. One circle is public diplomacy at its best; the other is propaganda at its worst . In action, the better public diplomacy is, and the worst propaganda is or a combination thereofthe intersection of the two circles diminishes proportionally.
Rather, my focus is on what public diplomacy at its best, and propaganda at its worst, do.
To be sure, the intent of the practitioners of public diplomacy and propaganda may be the same. Ultimately, the beneficiaries of these two activities are meant to be those carrying them out and the entity they represent, if they have one. Neither public diplomacy nor propaganda is altruistic.
But at their best and at their worst, they do so in significantly different ways. At its best, public diplomacy: At its worst, propaganda: Forces its messages on an audience, often by repetition and slogans; Demonizes elements of the outside world and claims the nation it glorifies can do no wrong; Simplifies complex issues, including history; Misrepresents the truth or deliberately lies.
Both public diplomacy and propaganda, at their best or their worst, can achieve credibility with their audiences. However, the best public diplomacy achieves credibility through careful presentation of fact and thoughtful argumentation, while the worst propaganda achieves credibility by falsification and sensationalism.
As a rule, public diplomacy at its best, which appeals to the intellect, is believed in the long run, while propaganda at its worst, which inflames atavistic emotions, is believed only for short periods. The best public diplomacy convinces audiences that its content and purpose mesh, and that therefore it is honest; the worst propaganda leads audiences to believe that its content does not reveal its true purpose, and that therefore it is dishonest.
Evaluating the effectiveness of public diplomacy and propaganda is extremely difficult. Indeed, my distinction, ultimately, is more a moral than functional one.
To some such an approach has little practical value. They would say that morality, or respect for truth, has little to do with foreign policy.Diplomacy and propaganda in the Kashmir War Abstract: The conflict between Hindu and Muslims over the Kashmir region is one of the bloodiest religious wars in history, exceeding in violence the Crusades or the “Thirty years war’’.
Fresh violence in Kashmir exposes the need for diplomacy. As diplomacy between New Delhi and Islamabad becomes more bitter, experts warn of more violence in India-administered Kashmir.
Diplomacy and Propaganda in the Kashmir War Essay Sample. Abstract: The conflict between Hindu and Muslims over the Kashmir region is one of the bloodiest religious wars in history, exceeding in violence the Crusades or the “Thirty years war’’. Home > Spotlights > Geopolitics > Terrorism and Diplomacy in Kashmir.
Geopolitics. Terrorism and Diplomacy in Kashmir. Simultaneously, the government should proactively engage the people of Kashmir so as to wean them away from Pakistani propaganda.
When India has righteousness on her side she is bound to succeed in . Diplomacy and propaganda in the Kashmir War Abstract: The conflict between Hindu and Muslims over the Kashmir region is one of the bloodiest religious wars in history, exceeding in violence the Crusades or the “Thirty years war’’.
Diplomacy And Propaganda In The Kashmir Diplomacy and propaganda in the Kashmir War Abstract: The conflict between Hindu and Muslims over the Kashmir region is one of the bloodiest religious wars in history, exceeding in violence the .