See Article History Alternative Title: BIS Bank for International Settlements, international bank established at BaselSwitzerlandinas the agency to handle the payment of reparations by Germany after World War I and as an institution for cooperation among the central banks of the various countries see Young Plan.
KatzrinGolan Heights The consensus view  in the international community is that the existence of Israeli settlements in the West Bank including East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights is in violation of international law.
The reconvened Conference of the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions has declared the settlements illegal  as has the primary judicial organ of the UN, the International Court of Justice.
Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism. The Bank for International Settlements (Bank for International Settlements, BIS) is the oldest international financial institution in the world, having been in operation since In addition, the BIS was appointed agent to the trustees and trustee, respectively, for the German government international loans of and (the so-called Dawes and Young Loans issued to help finance reparations).
Under Israeli law, West Bank settlements must meet specific criteria to be legal. However, it was not made public at the time.
The Labor cabinet allowed settlements despite the warning. This paved the way for future settlement growth. InMeron stated that "I believe that I would have given the same opinion today.
The Court maintains that Israel cannot rely on its right of self-defense or necessity to impose a regime that violates international law. There is a consensus among publicists that the prohibition of racial discrimination, irrespective of territories, is an imperative norm of international law.
In late January a report drafted by three justices, presided over by Christine Chanetand issued by the United Nations Human Rights Council declared that Jewish settlements constituted a creeping annexation based on multiple violations of the Geneva Conventions and international law, and stated that if Palestine ratified the Rome AccordIsrael could be tried for "gross violations of human rights law and serious violations of international humanitarian law.
Schwebel  made three distinctions specific to the Israeli situation to claim that the territories were seized in self-defense and that Israel has more title to them than the previous holders. The inclusion of settlement activity as a "war crime" is a cynical attempt to abuse the Court for political ends.
The implication that the transfer of civilian population to occupied territories can be classified as a crime equal in gravity to attacks on civilian population centres or mass murder is preposterous and has no basis in international law.
Israel was opposed to a provision that included as a war crime the transfer of civilian populations into territory the government occupies. The "Spiegel report" was revealed by Haaretz in Many settlements are largely built on private lands, without approval of the Israeli Government.
Invoking the Absentee Property Law to transfer, sell or lease property in East Jerusalem owned by Palestinians who live elsewhere without compensation has been criticized both inside and outside of Israel.
These "abandoned lands" are sometimes laundered through a series of fraudulent sales.In a Bank for International Settlements was established at Basel, Switz.; its main duty was to supervise and organize the transfer of German reparations to the recipient countries.
This “transfer problem” had caused much trouble during the s.
05Aug03 - Bank watching in Basel All pictures on this page are by Richard Janssen I was on business-travel from city to city in Switzerland.
After the work in Basel I went straight to the BIS to see the buildings in real life. The Bank for International Settlements is based in Basel, Switzerland, and it operates representative offices in Hong Kong and Mexico City.
History of the BIS The Bank of International Settlement was established out of the Hague Agreement of , among Germany, Belgium, Italy, France, the United Kingdom, Japan, Switzerland and the United States. The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is an international financial institution owned by central banks which "fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks".
The BIS carries out its work through its meetings, programmes and through the Basel Process – hosting international groups .
Jul 28, · TruNews talks with Adam LeBor. Tower of Basel is the first investigative history of the world's most secretive global financial institution. Based on extensi.
About BIS The BIS's mission is to serve central banks in their pursuit of monetary and financial stability, to foster international cooperation in those areas and to act as a bank for central banks.