Overview Union flag In the presidential electionRepublicansled by Abraham Lincolnsupported banning slavery in all the U. The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to eventually abolish slavery. The Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured a plurality of the popular votes and a majority of the electoral votes nationally, thus Lincoln was constitutionally elected president. He was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency.
Railroad interests were especially eager to start operations since they needed farmers as customers. Four previous attempts to pass legislation had failed. The solution was a bill proposed in January by Douglas — the Democratic Party leader in the US Senatethe chairman of the Committee on Territories, an avid promoter of railroads, an aspirant to the presidency, and a fervent believer in popular sovereignty — the policy of letting the voters, almost exclusively white males, of a territory decide whether or not slavery should exist in it.
While there were debates over the specifics, especially the route to be taken, there was a public consensus that such a railroad should be built by private interests, financed by public land grants.
InDouglas, serving in his first term in the US House of Representativeshad submitted an unsuccessful plan to organize the Nebraska Territory formally, as the first step in building a railroad with its eastern terminus in Chicago. Railroad proposals were debated in all subsequent sessions of Congress with cities such as Chicago, St.
LouisQuincyMemphisand New Orleans competing to be the jumping-off point for the construction. In earlythe House of Representatives passed a bill to 49 to organize the Nebraska Territory in the land west of Iowa and Missouri. Missouri Senator David Atchison announced that he would support the Nebraska proposal only if slavery was allowed.
While the bill was silent on this issue, slavery would have been prohibited, under the Missouri Compromise. Other Southern senators were as inflexible as Atchison. By a vote of 23 to 17, the Senate voted to table the motion, with every senator from the states south of Missouri voting to table. Atchison was maneuvered into choosing between antagonizing the state's railroad interests or its slaveholders.
Finally, Atchison took the position that he would rather see Nebraska "sink in hell" before he would allow it to be overrun by free soilers. Atchison shared lodgings in an F Street house, shared by the leading Southerners in Congress.
Atchison himself was the Senate's president pro tempore. His housemates included Robert T. Butler from South Carolina, chairman of the Judiciary Committee. Goodeformed the nucleus that would insist on slaveholder equality in Nebraska.
Douglas was aware of the group's opinions and power and knew that he needed to address its concerns. Dodge immediately reintroduced the same legislation to organize Nebraska that had stalled in the previous session; it was referred to Douglas's committee on December Douglas, hoping to achieve the support of the Southerners, publicly announced that the same principle that had been established in the Compromise of should apply in Nebraska.The Kansas–Nebraska Act of (10 The Act itself virtually nullified the Missouri Compromise of The turmoil over the act split both the Democratic and Whig parties and gave rise to the Republican Party, which split the United States into two major political camps.
Kansas-Nebraska Act of repealed the Missouri Compromise of It applied the principle of popular sovereignty to the territories. It permitted the expansion of slavery beyond the Southern. The Missouri Compromise was the legislation that provided for the admission to the United States of Maine as a free state along with Missouri as a slave state, thus maintaining the balance of power between North and South in the United States Senate.
Portrait of Dred Scott by Louis Schultze, painted from a photograph. Dred Scott's battle for his freedom began at the Old Courthouse in St. Louis, Missouri. The Chief Justice of the United States was Roger B. Taney, a former slave owner, as were four other southern justices on the Court.
The two. Kansas-Nebraska Act What is the difference between the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of ? The Missouri Compromise was an agreement passed in between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress.
What impact did the Kansas-Nebraska Act have on the old Missouri Compromise line that had been the longtime border for slavery? -It allowed the expansion of slavery north of the 36°30' line.
-It had no effect; Kansas was below the line.