The introduction opening paragraph basically accomplishes two goals: Open with a series of questions about the topic. Present startling or unusual facts or figures.
This strategy guide explains the writing process and offers practical methods for applying it in your classroom to help students become proficient writers. In using the writing process, your students will be able to break writing into manageable chunks and focus on producing quality material.
The final stage, publishing, ensures that students have an audience. Students can even coach each other during various stages of the process for further emphasis on audience and greater collaboration during editing.
Studies show that students who learn the writing process score better on state writing tests than those who receive only specific instruction in the skills assessed on the test. This type of authentic writing produces lifelong learners and allows students to apply their writing skills to all subjects.
The writing process takes these elements into account by allowing students to plan their writing and create a publishable, final draft of their work of which they can be proud.
You can help your students think carefully about each stage of their writing by guiding them through the writing process repeatedly throughout the year and across various content areas. This process can be used in all areas of the curriculum and provides an excellent way to connect instruction with state writing standards.
The following are ways to implement each step of the writing process: For kindergarten students, scribbling and invented spelling are legitimate stages of writing development; the role of drawing as a prewriting tool becomes progressively less important as writers develop.
Have young students engage in whole-class brainstorming to decide topics on which to write. Online graphic organizers might help upper elementary students to organize their ideas for specific writing genres during the prewriting stage.
Confer with students individually as they write, offering praise and suggestions while observing areas with which students might be struggling and which might warrant separate conference time or minilessons.
You can model reading your own writing and do a think aloud about how you could add more details and make it clearer. Teach students to reread their own work more than once as they think about whether it really conveys what they want to their reader. Reading their work aloud to classmates and other adults helps them to understand what revisions are needed.
Your ELLs will develop greater language proficiency as they collaborate with their peers when revising. The ReadWriteThink Printing Press tool is useful for creating newspapers, brochures, flyers and booklets.
Having an authentic audience beyond the classroom gives student writing more importance and helps students to see a direct connection between their lives and their literacy development.
Rubrics help to make expectations and grading procedures clear, and provide a formative assessment to guide and improve your instruction.
The Sample Writing Rubricfor example, can be used for upper elementary students.•Pre-writing – brainstorm words or phrases, free Intro Paragraph Hook Context Thesis Body Paragraph (repeat as needed) •context to explain what book, text, or theory will be used to further discuss this topic •and a thesis to make your argument.
Writing Structured (SEXC) Paragraphs. E = explanation. Explain the statement you’ve just made. X = example. Give an example (or specific details) to back up your explanation. C = comment.
End with a comment on the main idea of the paragraph. The last sentence may also hint at the main idea of the next paragraph. FOR EXAMPLE: what is your. A five-paragraph essay is a prose composition that follows a prescribed format of an introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs, and a concluding paragraph, and is typically taught during primary English education and applied on standardized testing throughout schooling.
All academic writing follows a logical, straightforward structure.
In its simplest form, academic writing includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The introduction provides background information, lays out the scope and direction of the essay, and states the thesis.
This Step-by-Step Writing Program will guide you through a year of writing lessons on paragraph writing, narrative writing, opinion writing, and informative writing.
It is a COMPLETE writing workshop with step-by-step mini lessons using a scaffolding approach. The writing process—prewriting, drafting, revising and editing, rewriting, publishing—mirrors the way proficient writers write.
In using the writing process, your students will be able to break writing into manageable chunks and focus on producing quality material.