It creates fright and presents the unknown ; hence. Stigma is defined as shame and disrepute. This devaluation creates important barriers for those who are the mark of societal favoritism due to their mental province.
Such illiteracy and unawareness to the nature of mental illness have caused stigma, and discriminatory treatment and care to patients. Generally, mentally ill persons are often perceived to be difficult to be treated and needed special attention. This is because the causes of some types of mental illnesses are not yet known.
Other perceptions of mental illnesses are that patients are violent, unpredictable, have multiple personalities and other negative perceptions. These perceptions have resulted to stigma which is defined as a mark of disgrace or discredit that isolate a person from others Byrne, Stigma, whichever way you look at it, is a negative label that result to various negative effects on mentally ill patients.
Aside from their family, patients often expect and depend on health and medical service providers to understand their condition and somehow reduce their mental and physical disabilities as well as the emotional pain they feel from the stigma associated with them.
It is the objective then of this study to determine and investigate the roles of nurses in alleviating or minimising the stigma of metal illness. To be able to achieve this objective, it is important to review various literatures about stigma of mental illnesses and its causes; the implications of stigma on the personal life of the patients; and the effect of stigma on how the patients are treated, trying to find if medical providers such as psychiatrists, medical providers and nurses also stigmatise their patients and if there are disparities on medical services and treatment provided among the mentally ill patients.
Significance of the Study The research study is significant to nursing field as well as to other medical fields such as psychiatry, psychology and related fields that deals with patients with mental disorders. The paper is an in-depth review of previously conducted and published research studies that provided relevant information, findings and theories.
These findings and theories are used and analysed to find out how stigma has started and to determine the problems related to stigma. Through these earlier studies, the roles of the nurses on reducing the stigma can be conceived and the problems and issues with their current practices are identified.
The study recommends appropriate strategies that can address the identified problems.
These recommendations are based on strong theoretical framework and can be applied in real situations.
Basically, the importance of the study is that it identifies, summarizes and gives emphasis on the issues and problems on stigma and nursing interventions on mental illness so that current practices can be improved. It aims to provide a better understanding on the proper treatment of the mentally ill and the roles that nurses can play in providing proper treatment.
Mental health literacy plays an important role in dealing properly with mental illness and lack of it caused many problems. Lack of proper knowledge about mental illness caused many people to have the inability to recognise the different types of mental disorders and understand the meanings of psychiatric terms Jorm, Different beliefs about the causes of mental illnesses also pose some problems.
Other people believe that mental illnesses are more likely to be caused by biological factors rather than psychosocial causes while others see environmental factors as the most important factors that cause mental illnesses Jorm, There are even some cultural beliefs that mental disorders are caused by supernatural phenomena such as witchcraft and evil spirits Razali et al, Such beliefs often result to seeking help from non-medical practitioners such as herbalists and witchcraft which cannot improve the condition of the patient Alem et al, The lack of proper knowledge about mental illnesses is primary due to the lack of proper source of information about the risk factors and causes of the disease.
Aside from personal experience or experiences of family or friends, the most influential source of information about mental illnesses is media.
However, media representations of mental illness are often both false and negative Edney, A study at George Madison University in Virginia, USA, for example, show that very few of the newspaper articles containing references to mental illness presented positive images of people with mental illness or depicted them as productive Edney,making the public conclude that people with mental illness are burdens to society and incapable of contributing in positive ways to their communities Wahl, on Edney, In television programs, about Because of these misrepresentations, stigma was often associated with mental illness in the contemporary society.
Stigma has been a burden to mentally ill persons as well as to their family. It is therefore the result of a social dynamic that may result in different specific manifestations and occurs when negative and prejudicial attributes are accepted by the dominant culture as defining the stigmatised person, and become ascribed to all members of the group Arboleda-Florez, Historically, sick individuals who sought for treatment were commonly labeled or categorized as ill Rossol, The labeling process can result to a permanent or transitory stigma for labeled individuals Rosecrance, For example, physicians have labeled people with schizophrenia as schizophrenics, as if the patient himself is the illness.
In other words, diagnostic label has been the source of stigmatisation. However, they become a source of stigmatisation when used by non-health professionals because they do not understand the correct definition of the terms or there are already misinterpretations of the terms Sartorius, · Method.
We reviewed child mental illness stigma articles in (English only) peer-reviewed journals available through Medline and PsychInfo.
We augmented these with adult-oriented stigma articles that focus on theory and measurement. articles in PsychInfo and 77 articles in heartoftexashop.com · Conclusions: The stigma of mental illness needs to be studied within its sociocultural context in order to understand its origins, meanings and consequences.
It may be relevant to examine the indigenous concepts, experience and implications of psychological problems to address problems in mental health care relating to heartoftexashop.com · Stigma, negative attitudes and discrimination towards mental illness within the nursing profession: a review of the literature C.
A. ROSS1 rn rpn bsn ma&heartoftexashop.comR2 md mhsc frcpc 1Nurse Educator, BSN Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Douglas College, Coquitlam, and 2Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addiction heartoftexashop.com People with mental health problems experience many different types of stigma.
This article explores the attitudes and beliefs of the general public towards people with mental illness, and the lived experiences and feelings of service users and their heartoftexashop.com://heartoftexashop.com Stigma associated with mental illness is a major issue facing many employers and employees alike in employment.
According to estimates by the World Health Organization (WHO), one in four people are likely have mental illness at some point in their lifetime (WHO ).heartoftexashop.com More Essay Examples on Employment Rubric.
Individuals with disabilities who want to be involved in the world of work have difficulties entering and remaining in the workforce (Baron & Salzer, ) - Mental Illness and Employment Essay introduction. Those who live with mental disabilities have higher levels of unemployment than those living with physical heartoftexashop.com://heartoftexashop.com