Early life of Joseph Stalin Childhood: This was normally reserved for the children of clergy, although Charkviani ensured that the boy received a place.
View Larger Image Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union for more than two decades, instituting a reign of terror while modernizing Russia and helping to defeat Nazism. Joseph Stalin forced rapid industrialization and the collectivization of agricultural land, resulting in millions dying from famine while others were sent to camps.
The son of Besarion Jughashvili, a cobbler, and Ketevan Geladze, a washerwoman, Joseph was a frail child. At age 7, he contracted smallpox, leaving his face scarred. A few years later he was injured in a carriage accident which left arm slightly deformed some accounts state his arm trouble was a result of blood poisoning from the injury.
The other village children treated him cruelly, instilling in him a sense of inferiority. He also developed a cruel streak for those who crossed him. Inshe managed to enroll him in a church school in Gori. Joseph did well in school, and his efforts gained him a scholarship to Tiflis Theological Seminary in A year later, Joseph Stalin came in contact with Messame Dassy, a secret organization that supported Georgian independence from Russia.
Some of the members were socialists who introduced him to the writings of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin.
Joseph joined the group in Though he excelled in seminary school, Joseph left in Accounts differ as to the reason; official school records state he was unable to pay the tuition and withdrew. Joseph chose not to return home, but stayed in Tiflis, devoting his time to the revolutionary movement.
For a time, he found work as a tutor and later as a clerk at the Tiflis Observatory. Inhe joined the Social Democratic Labor Party and worked full-time for the revolutionary movement. Inhe was arrested for coordinating a labor strike and exiled to Siberia, the first of his many arrests and exiles in the fledgling years of the Russian Revolution.
Though never a strong orator like Vladimir Lenin or an intellectual like Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin excelled in the mundane operations of the revolution, calling meetings, publishing leaflets and organizing strikes and demonstrations.
In Februarythe Russian Revolution began. By March, the tsar had abdicated the throne and was placed under house arrest. For a time, the revolutionaries supported a provisional government, believing a smooth transition of power as possible. In AprilBolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin denounced the provisional government, arguing that the people should rise up and take control by seizing land from the rich and factories from the industrialists.
By October, the revolution was complete and the Bolsheviks were in control. Communist Party Leader The fledgling Soviet government went through a violent period after the revolution as various individuals vied for position and control. InStalin was appointed to the newly created office of general secretary of the Communist Party.
Though not a significant post at the time, it gave Stalin control over all party member appointments, which allowed him to build his base.
He made shrewd appointments and consolidated his power so that eventually nearly all members of the central command owed their position to him. By the time anyone realized what he had done, it was too late. Even Lenin, who was gravely ill, was helpless to regain control from Stalin.
At first, he had people removed from power through bureaucratic shuffling and denunciations. However, further paranoia set in and Stalin soon conducted a vast reign of terror, having people arrested in the night and put before spectacular show trials.
The purges eventually extended beyond the party elite to local officials suspected of counterrevolutionary activities. In the late s and early s, Stalin reversed the Bolshevik agrarian policy by seizing land given earlier to the peasants and organizing collective farms.
This essentially reduced the peasants back to serfs, as they had been during the monarchy. Stalin believed that collectivism would accelerate food production, but the peasants resented losing their land and working for the state. Millions were killed in forced labor or starved during the ensuing famine.
Stalin also set in motion rapid industrialization that initially achieved huge successes, but over time cost millions of lives and vast damage to the environment. Any resistance was met with the swift and lethal response; millions of people were exiled to the labor camps of the Gulag or were executed.
As war clouds rose over Europe inStalin made a seemingly brilliant move, signing a nonaggression pact with Adolph Hitler and Nazi Germany.Life in USSR under Stalin Stalin’s control over Russia meant that freedom was the one thing that people lost.
The people of Russia had to read what the state allowed, see what the state allowed and listen to what the state allowed.
Joseph Stalin was one of the most feared dictators of modern civilisation, and his actions have changed the world’s attitudes towards communism and Russia.
Even after his death, his presence could still be felt in Russia, as his successors worked to replicate his methods. Joseph Stalin dies On this day, Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union since , dies in Moscow. Isoeb Dzhugashvili was born in in Georgia, then part of the old Russian empire.
What Led to Stalin Coming to Power: The main answer to this question is the death of Lenin in the According to Caroline Kennedy-Pipe, author of "Russia and the World: ", "Immediately following the death of Stalin, however, the Soviet story is one of uncertainty and insecurity.
Central to most of that regime is the story of Stalin's reign of terror, a "total river of blood" in Leon Trotsky's words, during which more than million party officials, military officers and. The famine spread to Soviet Russia and peaked in Soviet Ukraine. Stalin requisitioned grain in Soviet Ukraine knowing that such a policy would kill millions.
Blaming Ukrainians for the failure of his own policy, he ordered a series of measures—such as sealing the .