Many popular television shows -- even those in the so-called "family" time slot of American children watch an average of between three and fours hours of television daily. As a result, TV violence and children has become a hot topic.
One could venture to say that the media today monopolizes American society. Information from across the world can be obtained instantly through radio, TV, newspapers, the internet, and other forms of media. Having such easy access to such a powerful means of communication has positive as well as negative Violence in television is one of on the American way of life.
Certain forms of media compose the multi-billion dollar a year entertainment industry. The largest markets in the entertainment business are TV and movies. Almost one and a half billion Americans attend movies in the theaters each year. Over one billion households worldwide have at least one television set marketresearch.
TV and movies have positive aspects which enhance the society. Numerous films and programs bring joy and satisfaction to many people; however a number of observers will argue that some elements of entertainment are not appropriate for young children.
Violence on TV and in movies is a controversial aspect under much scrutiny nowadays. A reason TV and movies are under scrutiny is that children in America are exposed to more violence on TV with each passing year. The average American child watches 8, murders andacts of violence before finishing elementary school marketreasearch.
Studies suggest that television violence is responsible for the increase in childhood violence. Conversely, it is widely believed that American children are negatively affected by violence on TV and in movies because it desensitizes them to violence, and leads to sometimes irreversible patterns of behavior and actions in their adult lives.
Watching violence is a popular form of entertainment, and watching it on TV is the most frequent and influential means of children being exposed to violence. For example, some early local news programs provide extensive coverage of daily violent crimes simply because it is believed by many executives that covering crime increases ratings.
Violence is only one form of human behavior, while smiling, laughing, poking fun in a harmless way, teasing, flirting, arguing, reasoning, family discussions, and showing simple affection between human beings may be considered some of its other forms but violence is the form that is dominantly displayed in all kinds of packaging on TV and movies and video games, etc.
Other forms of human behavior and activities may not be given an equal opportunity in the entertainment industry. Those choosing what will entertain society seem to be admitting that violence is viable type of human behavior and other forms appear less presentable, attractive and marketable.
Television is a focal component of American life. American children spend less time in school than watching TV Sege Robert Sege is a physician and researcher studying the development of a medical response or eventual cure to violence involving children and adolescents.
Sege found that in the common child in the United States spent more time watching TV than doing any other activity, other than sleeping.
In the early s, The Nielson Report, a leader in internet media and market research, stated that children ages two to five viewed nearly twenty-seven hours of television each week, and teenagers between the ages of twelve and seventeen spent twenty-two hours a week watching TV Sege During the past several decades, the number of violent programs on TV has been increasing steadily.
During a time in the 21st century when the homicide rate is rising six times faster than the population, a controversial yet common theory is that television violence causes real violence Egendorf A thesis that is hard to refute.
In support of the accusation that violence is prevalent on U.
Also noted were incidents of verbal aggression; occurrences of disruptive, disrespectful behavior; and they found examples of sexual content Ngoei. The numbers displaying violence on TV leads into a question many researchers strive to answer: Does violence on television directly effect how children act?
One man that actively works against television violence and believes that it may have negative effects on children is L.
Bozell says that there is more violence directed toward young children than anyone towards any other age group. The government has been tracking the number of arrests in schools very closely in attempt to recognize trends, and eventually find a way to decrease crime rates.
In the book, Violence: Opposing Viewpoints, Bill Owens, a Colorado governor and avid media researcher writes, that over a million children under eighteen-years-old are arrested every year. Around thirty-two percent of the arrested youth are under the age of fifteen. In the through school year alone, public schools across the country reported 4, instances of rape or sexual abuse and 11, cases of fights in which weapons were used Egendorf Owens brings up the fact that over a two year span, more than 6, kids were caught in schools in possession of a gun.After seeing television and video game violence, psychologists are concerned children may be desensitized to the pain and suffering of others, more fearful of the world around them, and more likely to behave in aggressive or harmful ways.
There is increasing evidence that early exposure to media violence is a contributing factor to the development of aggression. However, much of the past research on media violence has focused on short-term effects and reported significant relations only for boys.
According to Eron (), "(t)here can no longer be any doubt that heavy exposure to televised violence is one of the causes of aggressive behavior, crime, and violence in society.
The evidence comes from both the laboratory and real-life studies.
Media violence on TV is a reflection of the level of violence that occurs in the real world. Many TV programmers argue that their shows just mirror the violence that goes on in the real world. Zev Braun, of CBS, in argued in a debate on the Violence Bill that, "We live in a violent society.
Dec 20, · Despite a recent ratings dip, Walking Dead is TV's most popular shows among young adults, and thus one of the most reliable for advertisers. So the much-hyped return was one of . Aug 25, · The bottom line: The weight of the studies supports the position that exposure to media violence leads to aggression, desensitization toward violence and lack of sympathy for victims of violence, particularly in children.