The story of the United States has always been one of westward expansion, beginning along the East Coast and continuing, often by leaps and bounds, until it reached the Pacific—what Theodore Roosevelt described as "the great leap Westward. Even before the American colonies won their independence from Britain in the Revolutionary War, settlers were migrating westward into what are now the states of Kentucky and Tennessee, as well as parts of the Ohio Valley and the Deep South. The Monroe Doctrine, adopted inwas the closest America ever came to making Manifest Destiny official policy; it put European nations on notice that the U. Westward the Course of Empire The debate over whether the U.
For many years, few colonists went beyond the Appalachian Mountains. However, as the country gained independence and continued to grow, more land was needed.
The country began to expand into the western frontier. Bythis number had grown to 2. Many people wanted new land to farm and hunt.
They began to move west of the Appalachians. One of the first areas settled was the Northwest Territory. Daniel Boone led settlers across the Cumberland Gap and into Kentucky. This was Westward expansion huge area of land west of the Mississippi River. It nearly doubled the land size of the United States.
President Jefferson sent explorers Lewis and Clark to learn more about this vast frontier.
Manifest Destiny Many people in the United States believed it was the country's destiny to expand westward all the way to the Pacific Ocean. This belief became known as the Manifest Destiny. Continued Expansion The United States continued to expand westward and gain land.
After a war with Mexico over the rights to Texas, the country gained much of the southwest including the land of California. They also gained the Oregon Territory in a treaty from Great Britain. Settling the West Pioneers and settlers moved out west for different reasons.
Some of them wanted to claim free land for ranching and farming from the government through the Homestead Act. Others came to California during the gold rush to strike it rich.
Even others, such as the Mormons, moved west to avoid persecution. Wild West As the first settlers and pioneers moved into the west, there was little government.
The law was the local sheriff and people had to look to protect themselves against bandits and outlaws. End of the Frontier Inthe US government announced that the west had been explored.
The country now had 44 states. Only Utah, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Arizona had not been admitted as states from today's contiguous 48 states. Polk played a major role in expanding west. During his presidency much of the land west of the Louisiana Purchase was added to the county including Texas, the Mexican Cession, and the Oregon Territory.
The Transcontinental Railroad and Transcontinental Telegraph were both important in keeping the large country together in the early days.
Westward Expansion had a large impact on the Civil War. The South wanted western states to be slave states while the North wanted slavery to be illegal in the new states.Kids learn about the history of the Westward Expansion and the Old West of the United States as pioneers settled the west as the country expanded.
Educational articles for teachers, students, and schools including daily life on the frontier, gold rush, Pony Express, timeline, glossary, and people.
Westward Expansion was the 19th-century movement of settlers, agriculture and industry into the American West. Learn about the Louisiana Purchase, manifest destiny, the Gold Rush and more.
Director Reed Smoot's account of frontier settlement uses excerpts from diaries and letters. This is an excellent doucumentary hosted by HULU. Westward Expansion summary: The story of the United States has always been one of westward expansion, beginning along the East Coast and continuing, often by leaps and bounds, until it reached the Pacific—what Theodore Roosevelt described as "the great leap Westward." The acquisition of Hawaii and Alaska, though not usually included in discussions of Americans expanding their nation westward.
History >> Westward Expansion Daniel Boone explores Kentucky for the first time. Louisiana Purchase - President Thomas Jefferson buys the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million. This doubles the size of the United States and provides a large area to the west of the country for expansion.
There are too many trails, cutoffs, short cuts, stage routes, and military roads out here in the west to list them all. We will however endeavor to list and describe the main westward trails with our focus being on the early emigrant trails and roads.